Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems. It may involve calories, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals.

Causes of malnutrition and illness

Malnutrition can result from various environmental and medical conditions.

The state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions. Poverty is said to exist when people lack the means to satisfy their basic needs.

2) Low intake of food
This may be caused by symptoms of an illness, for example, dysphagia, when it is difficult to swallow. Badly fitting dentures may contribute.

3) Mental health problems
Conditions such as depression, dementia, schizophrenia, anorexia nervosa, and bulimia can lead to malnutrition.

4) Social and mobility problems
Some people cannot leave the house to buy food or find it physically difficult to prepare meals. Those who live alone and are isolated are more at risk. Some people do not have enough money to spend on food, and others have limited cooking skills.

Symptoms of malnutrition and illness

The symptoms of malnutrition and illness are easily cleansed between both adults and children. They can thus be underlined.

Malnutrition and illness symptoms in adults

The most common symptom is a significant weight loss. For example, those who have lost more than 10% of their body weight for three months and are not dietary, may be victims of malnutrition.
It is usually measured using body mass index or BMI. This height meter is computed by weight in kilogram divided by square. A healthy BMI for adults generally lies between 18.5 and 24.9.
Between 17 and 18.5, they may be victims of mild malnutrition, with BMIs, between 16 and 18, they may be victims of poor malnutrition and those with a BMI less than 16 can be victims of malnutrition poor.

Other symptoms include:

• The weakness of the muscles and fatigue. Body muscles can be left to waste away and left without adequate power to carry out daily activities.
• Many people complain of fatigue all day and lack of energy. This can also be due to the cause of malnutrition by anemia.
• Increased risk for infections
• Even small wounds and reduction of the cut and long-term therapy.
• Irritability and dizziness
• The skin and hair become dry. The skin can appear dry, and flaky and hair can appear like dry, lifeless, dull and straw. Nails appear brittle and can break easily.
• Some patients suffer from persistent diarrhea or chronic constipation.
• Menstruation can be completely closed or irregular in malnourished women.
• Malnutrition in depression is common. Both of these could be the effect of malnutrition as well as a cause.

Malnutrition and illness symptoms in children

Symptoms of malnutrition and illness in children include:
• Development failure- It can appear as a failure to develop in terms of weight, height or both at a normal rate of expectation.
• Crying, depression, and anxiety-like changes in behavior, attention deficit is common among children with malnutrition.
• The skin becomes dry and flaky and hair can change like dry, dull and straw appearance. Apart from this, there may be hair loss as well.
• The muscles are wasting and lack of strength in the muscles. The limb can appear like a stick.

Symptoms of illness

Treatment of malnutrition and illness

Following the MUST screening, the following may happen:

Low risk: Recommendations include ongoing screening at the hospital and at home.

Medium risk: The person may undergo observation, their dietary intake will be documented for 3 days, and they will receive ongoing screening.

High risk: The person will need treatment from a nutritionist and possibly other specialists, and they will undergo ongoing care.

For all risk categories, help and advice on food choices and dietary habits should be offered.