What is Mouth/ Oral Cancer

Mouth cancer, or oral cancer, can occur anywhere in the mouth, on the surface of the tongue, the lips, inside the cheek, in the gums, in the roof and floor of the mouth, in the tonsils, and in the salivary glands. It is a type of head and neck cancer and is often treated similarly to other head and neck cancers. According to the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 48,330 Americans were expected to receive a diagnosis of oral or pharyngeal cancer in 2016, and about 9,570 deaths were predicted. Mouth cancer mostly happens after the age of 40, and the risk is more than twice as high in men as it is in women.


Oral cancer can appear as a lesion or tumor anywhere in the mouth.In the early stages, there are often no signs or symptoms, but smokers and heavy drinkers should have regular checkups with the dentist, as they may identify early signs.

Signs and symptoms include:

    • patches on the lining of the mouth or tongue, usually red or red and white in color
    • mouth ulcers or sores that do not heal
    • swelling that persists for over 3 weeks
    • a lump or thickening of the skin or lining of the mouth
    • pain when swallowing
    • loose teeth with no apparent reason
    • poorly fitting dentures
    • jaw pain or stiffness
    • sore throat
    • a sensation that something is stuck in the throat
    • painful tongue
    • hoarse voice
    • pain in the neck or ear that does not go away

Having any of these symptoms does not mean that a person has mouth cancer, but it is worth checking with a doctor.

Treatment of mouth cancer

Mouth cancer?

From mouth cancer to treatment is done by a team of experts:

  • oncologists (Cancer specialist)
  • radiotherapists
  • onco-surgeons
  • Cosmetic Surgeons and Plastic Surgeons for Reconstruction After Surgery
  • Oncology Nurses
  • pathologists
  • Dental surgeon
  • dieticians
  • Social Worker
  • Psychologist
  • Consultants
  • Behavior, Speech and Language Doctor, etc.

On the treatment plan, cancer has decided to consider the stage as well as the patient’s own preferences and options.

How likely is long life with cancer of the mouth?

If cancer is translated into mouth and throat (pharyngeal) there is a high likelihood that long-term survival and recovery is using a combination of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.

Cancer is a high grade or if it is spreading rapidly through other parts and tissues blood and lymphatic system are likely to reduce the treatment. This type of cancer can also slow down in the use of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.

Before treatment

Complete dentistry and oral examination are done to illustrate cancer treatment before the first treatment begins. Since radiotherapy can damage the tooth and doing this, dental work is essential for the risk of infection and rupture.

Tobacco and alcohol are continued in the form of any treatment before these if the starting is important; Reduce cancer by chance of treatment.

Types of Treatment of Mouth Cancer

Mouth cancer treatment may include surgery, photodynamic therapy (PDT) and so forth.

Surgery for oral cancer

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is done in the early stage of cancer. This is a type of laser treatment that involves a drug that makes tissue light more sensitive to the healing. A laser is used to remove or kill tumors again.

Radiotherapy for mouth cancer

Radiotherapy uses high energy radiation beams to kill cancer cells. Cancer radiotherapy is taken out alone or radiation is done after cancer removal surgery.

Treatment is usually given every day on the courses of three to seven weeks. Diet depends on the extent of the spread of cancer.

There are side effects like radiotherapy:

  • Ulcer in the mouth
  • Fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Loss of, or change in taste
  • loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Bad breath etc.

Radiation X-ray machines that can be used like the patient’s requirement to travel for hospital sessions. It is called external radiotherapy.

Radiation can also be given internally. It involves radioactive wire or needles by placing it in the tumor and releases a constant amount of radiation that kills within the tumor.

Chemotherapy for oral cancer

Current stats from GLOBOCON report 2018

Services provided by us at camp/ onsite.

Steps of screening:

  1. Take the patient’s history: i) oral and neck lesions ii) pain or bleeding iii) change in function.
  2. Inspect and palpate for masses or enlargement of the following: i) cervical lymph nodes ii) thyroid iii) salivary glands
  3. Perform a cranial nerve examination
  4. Perform an intraoral inspection and palpation: i) assess lips, cheeks, and floor of mouth ii) retract tongue and assess lateral tongue borders, tonsillar pillars and fossae, hard palate, soft palate, and gingival tissue iii) examine for white, red, and mixed red and white lesions; masses; ulcerations; pigmentations; bruising; bleeding; and altered function

An array of Phase1 treatment will be provided as per the diagnosis of the patient.

Services provided by us at Hospital.

You may be offered one or more of the following treatments for oral cancer.

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
Reference Links